Research facility at Matre – for common-garden experiments

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Eyed salmon eggs from controlled experiments at Matre. Photo: Monica Solberg

The research group is one of largest/main users of IMR’ research station at Matre, 80 km north of Bergen.

The research station, which is a full-scale aquaculture farm, is the core facility for the institutes experimental research on salmonids and is extensively equipped for studies of all life stages, both in fresh water (>400 fish tanks) and in sea water (tanks or sea cages – 2 marine rearing cites). The research station was upgraded in 2006, and the top modern facilities allows for both small and large-scale studies under highly controlled conditions. Among other things, our group has used this facility to conduct a very wide-range of common-garden studies on domesticated and wild Atlantic salmon 2-9,21,95,112-116. Based upon these long-term studies, we have now produced what we think is the most extensive domesticated, hybrid, back-cross and wild population of salmon. This pedigree-controlled population is currently held at the facility and available for further experiments. It has for example helped elucidate the role of the vgll3 locus in determining maturation in salmon 117, and identify the manner in which the genome utilizes three sets of chromosomes 8.

A sexually mature adult salmon from the domesticated-hybrid, F2hybrid, back-cross, and wild pedigree-controlled population of salmon held by the group at the Matre research facility in Bergen
Photo: Monica Solberg
Sexually mature male Atlantic salmon showing “female mimicry” (left) and normal phenotype (right). The extensive domesticated, hybrid and wild pedigree-controlled population of Atlantic salmon held at the research facility at Matre has permitted detailed investigations into a wide range of traits including the above.
Photo: Monica Solberg