Process-based ecosystem models (frequently referred to as dynamic models) synthesize existing observational and experimental knowledge into a numerical framework. They quantify processes that are difficult or impossible to measure, reveal ecosystem functions and complex food web interactions (e.g. trophic cascading effects) and evaluate responses of the local or wider ecosystem components to pressures from human activities and natural drivers. For predictions about the future ocean, models are the only tool to study long-term ecosystem responses to marine stressors.
At Institute of Marine Research we do mainly use these ecosystem models:
Published: 19.03.2019 Updated: 26.11.2021