Martin Biuw

Image.jpg
Forsker
Telephone: 40729615
Department: Marine Mammals

I have extensive experience in marine mammal research, going back to my master's degree in zoology at Stockholm University 1996-1997. I have worked extensively with southern elephant seals in the Souther Ocean, initially through a PhD at the University of St Andrews linked to the Australian Antarctic Division in Australia. I have worked extensively with the development of innovative instrumentation methods for the study of migratory patterns and ecophysiology in marine mammals, as well as instrumentation for collecting oceanographic data using marine mammals. I have organized a number of research expeditions to islands in the Southern Ocean, and was expedition leader on the expedition to Bouvet Island in 2007-2008, organized by the Norwegian Polar Institute. Since 2018 I have been employed at the Institute of Marine Research, within the marine mammal research group. I am responsible for population modeling and assessment of ice-breeding seals (harp and hooded seals). I am a member of the NAMMCO (North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission) Scientific Committee, and a national delegate for the International Whaling Commission. 

Curriculum Vitae

CURRICULUM VITAE, Erik Martin Biuw (BSc, PhD)

 

Nationality: Swedish

Date of birth: 1968/03/09

Home address: Innelvvegen 241, 9100 Kvaløysletta, Norway

Civil status: Married, one child (born 2010)

 

Present employment: Senior Researcher, Institute of Marine Research

Work address: Forskningsparken, Sykehusvegen 23, 9019 Tromsø, Norway

Phone: +47 55 23 85 00, E-mail:  martin.biuw@imr.no

 

PROFESSIONAL HISTORY

Feb 2017 – present:         Senior Researcher, Institute of Marine Research

Feb 2013 - Jan 2017:       Senior Researcher, Akvaplan-niva (Permanent, 100% research)

Oct 2010 - Jul 2011:        Scientific Coordinator -Swedish Polar Research Secretariat

Oct 2010 - Jul 2011:        Project Manager -International Study of Arctic Change (ISAC)

 

ACADEMIC HISTORY

 

2011 – 2013:                  Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Norwegian Institute for Nature Research

2007 - 2010:                   NFR Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Norwegian Polar Institute

2003 - 2007:                   NERC Postdoctoral Research Fellow, University of St Andrews, UK

2003:                             PhD, Environmental and Evolutionary Ecology, University of St Andrews, UK and Australian Antarctic Division, Australia

2001:                             Marie Curie Fellow (PhD Training Grant), Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France.

1997:                             BSc (Hons.), Zoology, University of Stockholm, Sweden.

 

PREVIOUS FUNDING:

2014:                             Fram Centre – Fjord & Kyst: weShare – Ecological and commercial implications of extreme winter arrivals of herring and whales into North-Norwegian fjord systems (Principal Investigator), NOK 600,000

2014:                             Fram Centre – Insentivmidler: Impacts of fish superabundance on oxygen levels in a constricted fjord system in Northern Norway – weBreathe (co-PI) NOK 150,000

2014:                             National geographic Global Exploration Fund: Image based Research and monitoring of North Norway Humped back whales A Citizen science approach (Principal Investigator), NOK 192,000

2013:                             Norwegian Research Council – Hav & Kyst: COEXIST - Condition and energy expenditure estimates from free-ranging marine mammals (Principal Investigator), NOK 3,169,000

2005:                             Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Standard Grant: Remote monitoring of body mass and composition of marine predators foraging at sea: Development of sexual dimorphism in southern elephant seals, £253,740

2003:                             Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Connect B Grant: Using southern elephant seals to provide temperature and salinity profiles across the Southern Ocean: New platforms for operational oceanography, £254,061

2001:                             Marie Curie PhD Training Grant: Developing methods for spatial analysis of wildlife tracking data in relation to remotely sensed oceanographic data €20,000

1999:                             Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Small Grant: Partitioning and utilization of maternal resources by southern elephant seal pups, £35,000

 

TEACHING

2007 & 2009:                 Masters Course on Wildlife Telemetry. Invited lecturer. University Center, Svalbard (UNIS), Norway

2004, 05 & 06:                Honours Course in Marine Mammal Biology. Invited lecturer. School of Environmental and Evolutionary Ecology, University of St Andrews, UK

 

STUDENT SUPERVISION

2018 – present:               Lisa Elena Kettemer, PhD, University of Tromsø

2017 – present:               Evert Mul, PhD, University of Tromsø

2013 - 2018:                   Ana Sofia Aniceto, PhD, University of Tromsø

2013 – 2018:                  Ryan Dillon, PhD, University of Tromsø

2019 – present:               Emma Vogel, MSc, University of Tromsø

2019 – present:               Maren Andrea Pedersen, MSc, University of Tromsø

2018 – 2019:                  Aleksander Malde, MSc, University of Tromsø

2015 – 2016:                  Kevin Ochoa, MSc, University of Tromsø

2015 – 2019:                  Judith Ullmann, MSc, University of Tromsø

2008 – 2009:                  Virginie Ramasco, MSc, University of Tromsø

2007 – 2010:                  Theoni Photopoulou, PhD, University of St Andrews

2004 – 2006:                  Lars Boehme, PhD, University of St Andrews

 

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIPS & COMMITTEES

2019 – present:               NAMMCO Scientific Council

2019 – present:               NAMMCO/ICES/NAFO Working Group on Harp and Hooded Seals (WGHARP)

2018 – present:               Sjøpattedyrutvalget, Norwegian Government Advisory Board on Marine Mammals

2010 – 2017:                  Ocean Search – Crowd-sourced Ocean Observation (Scientific advisor)

2006 - present:               Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) Expert Group on Birds and Marine Mammals (EG-BAMM)

2005:                             Organizing Committee for the 2nd International Bio-logging Science Symposium, St Andrews, UK

 

RECENT RELEVANT PUBLICATIONS

Peer-reviewed papers

Biuw, M., Øigård, T. A., Nilssen, K. T., Stenson, G., & Haug, T. (2019). Estimation of pup production of harp and hooded seals in the Greenland Sea in 2018. WGHARP, WP SEA 247.

Mul, E., Blanchet, M.-A., Biuw, M., & Rikardsen, A. (2019). Implications of tag positioning and performance on the analysis of cetacean movement. Animal Biotelemetry, 7(1), 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40317-019-0173-7

Verfuss, U. K., Aniceto, A. S., Harris, D. V., Gillespie, D., Fielding, S., Jiménez, G., Johnston, P., Sinclair, R.R., Sivertsen, A., Solbø, S.A., Storvold, R., Biuw, M., Wyatt, R. (2019). A review of unmanned vehicles for the detection and monitoring of marine fauna. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.01.009

Harcourt, R., Sequeira, A. M. M., Zhang, X., Roquet, F., Komatsu, K., Heupel, M., McMahon, C., Whoriskey, F., Meekan, M., Carroll, G., Brodie, S., Simpfendorfer, C., Hindell, M., Jonsen, I., Costa, D.P., Block, B., Muelbert, M., Woodward, B., Weise, M., Aarestrup, K., Biuw, M., Boehme, L., Bograd, S.J., Cazau, D., Charrassin, J.-B., Cooke, S.J., Cowley, P., de Bruyn, P.J.N., Jeanniard du Dot, T., Duarte, C., Eguíluz, V.M., Ferreira, L.C., Fernández-Gracia, J., Goetz, K., Goto, Y., Guinet, C., Hammill, M., Hays, G.C., Hazen, E.L., Hückstädt, L.A., Huveneers, C., Iverson, S., Jaaman, S.A., Kittiwattanawong, K., Kovacs, K.M., Lydersen, C., Moltmann, T., Naruoka, M., Phillips, L., Picard, B., Queiroz, N., Reverdin, G., Sato, K., Sims, D.W., Thorstad, E.B., Thums, M., Treasure, A.M., Trites, A.W., Williams, G.D., Yonehara, Y.,  Fedak, M. A. (2019). Animal-borne telemetry: An integral component of the ocean observing toolkit. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00326

Vacquie-Garcia, J., Lydersen, C., Biuw, M., Haug, T., Fedak, M. A., & Kovacs, K. M. (2017). Hooded seal Cystophora cristata foraging areas in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean—Investigated using three complementary methods. PLoS ONE, 12(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187889

Aune, M., Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Daase, M., Falk-Petersen, S., Leu, E., … Camus, L. (2018). Seasonal ecology in ice-covered Arctic seas - Considerations for spill response decision making. Marine Environmental Research, 141(March), 275–288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.09.004

Biuw, M., Nilssen, K. T., Haug, T., & Stenson, G. (2018). Report From Surveys To Assess Harp And Hooded Seal Pup Production In The Greenland Sea Pack-Ice In 2018, (7). Retrieved from https://www.hi.no/filarkiv/2018/08/vesterisen_2018_toktrapport_nr._7-2018.pdf/nb-no

Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2122

Blanchet, M.-A., Acquarone, M., Biuw, M., Larsen, R., Nordøy, E. S., & Folkow, L. P. (2018). A life after research? First release of harp seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus) after temporary captivity for scientific purposes. Aquatic Mammals, 44(4). https://doi.org/10.1578/AM.44.4.2018.343

Aniceto, A. S., Biuw, M., Lindstrøm, U., Solbø, S. A., Broms, F., & Carroll, J. (2018). Monitoring marine mammals using unmanned aerial vehicles: Quantifying detection certainty. Ecosphere, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2122

Boehme, L., A. Baker, M. Fedak, M. Årthun, K. Nicholls, P. Robinson, D. Costa, M. Biuw and T. Photopoulou (2016). Bimodal Winter Haul-out Patterns of Adult Weddell Seals (Leptonychotes Weddellii) in the Southern Weddell Sea. PLoS ONE 11 (5).

Ramasco, V., F. Barraquand, M. Biuw, B. McConnell and K.T. Nilssen (2015). The Intensity of Horizontal and Vertical Search in a Diving Forager: The Harbour Seal. Movement Ecology 3(1):15. doi:10.1186/s40462-015-0042-9.

Blanchet, M.A., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr, B.A. Krafft and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Instrumentation and Handling Effects on Antarctic Fur Seals (Arctocephalus Gazella). Polar Research 33. doi:10.3402/polar.v33.21630.

Lowther, A.D., C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, P.J.N. De Bruyn, G. Hofmeyr and K.M. Kovacs (2014). Post-Breeding at-Sea Movements of Three Central-Place Foragers in Relation to Submesoscale Fronts in the Southern Ocean around Bouvetøya. Antarctic Science 26 (5): 533-544. doi:10.1017/S0954102014000170.

Ramasco, V., M. Biuw and K.T. Nilssen (2014). Improving Time Budget Estimates through the Behavioural Interpretation of Dive Bouts in Harbour Seals. Animal Behaviour 94: 117–34. doi:10.1016/j.anbehav.2014.05.015.

Zhou, Q., T. Hattermann, O. A. Nøst, M. Biuw, K. M. Kovacs and C. Lydersen. (2014). Wind-Driven Spreading of Fresh Surface Water beneath Ice Shelves in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119 (6): 3818–33. doi:10.1002/2013JC009556.

Arriola, A., M. Biuw, M. Walton, S. Moss and P. Pomeroy  (2013). Selective Blubber Fatty Acid Mobilization in Lactating Gray Seals (Halichoerus Grypus). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 86 (4): 441–50. doi:10.1086/671446.

Blanchet, M.A., M. Biuw, G. Hofmeyr, P.J.N. De Bruyn, C. Lydersen K.M. Kovacs. (2013). At-Sea Behaviour of Three Krill Predators Breeding at Bouvetøya - Antarctic Fur Seals, Macaroni Penguins and Chinstrap Penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series 477 (285–302). doi:10.3354/meps10110.

Close, S.E., A.C. Naveira Garabato, E.L. McDonagh, B.A. King and M. Biuw. (2013). Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/jcli-d-12-00346.1.

Roquet, F., C. Wunsch, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, C. Guinet, G. Reverdin, J.B. Charrassin, F. Baillul, D.P. Costa, L.A. Hucktadt, K.T. Goetz, K.M. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, M. Biuw, O.A. Nøst et al. (2013). Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments. Geophysical Research Letters 40 (23): 6176–80. doi:10.1002/2013GL058304.

Miller, P.J.O., M. Biuw, Y.Y. Watanabe, D. Thompson and M.A. Fedak. (2012). Sink Fast and Swim Harder! Round-Trip Cost-of-Transport for Buoyant Divers. Journal of Experimental Biology 215 (20): 3622–30. doi:10.1242/jeb.070128.

Aoki, K., Y.Y. Watanabe, D.E. Crocker, P.W. Robinson, M. Biuw, D.P. Costa, N. Miyazaki, M.A. Fedak, and P.J.O. Miller. (2011). Northern Elephant Seals Adjust Gliding and Stroking Patterns with Changes in Buoyancy: Validation of at-Sea Metrics of Body Density. Journal of Experimental Biology 214 (17): 2973–87. doi:10.1242/jeb.055137.

Derocher, A.E., M. Andersen, O. W., J. Aars, E. Hansen and M.Biuw. (2011). Sea Ice and Polar Bear Den Ecology at Hopen Island, Svalbard. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 441: 273–79. doi:10.3354/meps09406.

Meredith, M.P., K.W. Nicholls, I.A. Renfrew, L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2011). Seasonal Evolution of the Upper-Ocean Adjacent to the South Orkney Islands, Southern Ocean: Results from A ‘lazy Biological Mooring’. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 58: 1569–79. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2009.07.008.

Nost, O.A., M. Biuw, V. Tverberg, C. Lydersen, T. Hattermann, Q. Zhou, L.H. Smedsrud and K.M. Kovacs. (2011). Eddy Overturning of the Antarctic Slope Front Controls Glacial Melting in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 116, C11014, doi:10.1029/2011jc006965.

Biuw, M., O.A. Nøst, A. Stien, Q. Zhou, C. Lydersen, K.M. Kovacs and O.A. Nøst. (2010). Effects of Hydrographic Variability on the Spatial, Seasonal and Diel Diving Patterns of Southern Elephant Seals in the Eastern Weddell Sea. Plos One 5 (11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013816.

Biuw, M., C. Lydersen, P.J.N. De Bruyn, A. Arriola, G. Hofmeyr, P. Kritzinger and K.M. Kovacs. (2010). Long-Range Migration of a Chinstrap Penguin from Bouvetoya to Montagu Island, South Sandwich Islands. Antarctic Science 22 (2): 157–62. doi:10.1017/s0954102009990605.

Boehme, L., K. Kovacs, C. Lydersen, O.A. Nøst, M. Biuw, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet, et al. (2010). Biologging in the Global Ocean Observing System. In Proceedings of OceanObs09 Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society Vol 2. European Space Agency. http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/14472/.

Charrassin, J.B., F. Roquet, Y.H. Park, F. Bailleul, C. Guinet, M.M. Meredith, K. Nicholls, et al. (2010). New Insights into Southern Ocean Physical and Biological Processes Revealed by Instrumented Elephant Seals.” In Wildlife Research. European Space Agency. http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/14473/.

Biuw, M., B.A. Krafft, G. Hofmeyr, C. Lydersen and K.M. Kovacs. (2009). Time Budgets and at-Sea Behaviour of Lactating Female Antarctic Fur Seals Arctocephalus Gazella at Bouvetoya. Marine Ecology-Progress Series 385: 271–84. doi:10.3354/meps08025.

Boehme, L., P. Lovell, M. Biuw, F. Roquet, J. Nicholson, S.E. Thorpe, M.P. Meredith and M. Fedak. (2009). Animal-Borne CTD-Satellite Relay Data Loggers for Real-Time Oceanographic Data Collection. Ocean Science 5 (4): 685–95. doi:10.5194/os-5-685-2009.

Graves, J.A., A. Helyar, M. Biuw, M. Jussi, I. Jussi and O. Karlsson. (2009). Microsatellite and mtDNA Analysis of the Population Structure of Grey Seals (Halichoerus Grypus) from Three Breeding Areas in the Baltic Sea. Conservation Genetics 10 (1): 59–68. doi:10.1007/s10592-008-9517-1.

Boehme, L., M.P. Meredith, S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw and M. Fedak. (2008). The Antarctic Circumpolar Current Frontal System in the South Atlantic: Monitoring Using Merged Argo and Animal-Borne Sensor Data. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 113 (C9). doi:10.1029/2007jc004647.

Boehme, L., S.E. Thorpe, M. Biuw, M. Fedak and M.P. Meredith. (2008). Monitoring Drake Passage with Elephant Seals: Frontal Structures and Snapshots of Transport. Limnology and Oceanography 53 (5): 2350–60. doi:10.4319/lo.2008.53.5_part_2.2350.

Charrassin, J.B, M. Hindell, S.R. Rintoul, F. Roquet, S. Sokolov, M. Biuw, D. Costa, et al.  (2008). Southern Ocean Frontal Structure and Sea-Ice Formation Rates Revealed by Elephant Seals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105 (33): 11634–39. doi:10.1073/pnas.0800790105.

Nicholls, K.W., L. Boehme, M. Biuw and M.A. Fedak. (2008). Wintertime Ocean Conditions over the Southern Weddell Sea Continental Shelf, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters 35 (21). doi:10.1029/2008gl035742.

Bailleul, F., J.B. Charrassin, P. Monestiez, F. Roquet, M. Biuw and C. Guinet. (2007). Successful Foraging Zones of Southern Elephant Seals from the Kerguelen Islands in Relation to Oceanographic Conditions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 362 (1487): 2169–81. doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2109.

Biuw, M., L. Boehme, C. Guinet, M. Hindell, D. Costa, J.B. Charrassin, F. Roquet et al. (2007). Variations in Behavior and Condition of a Southern Ocean Top Predator in Relation to in Situ Oceanographic Conditions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104 (34): 13705–10. doi:10.1073/pnas.0701121104.

Gallon, S.L., C.E. Sparling, J.Y. Georges, M.A. Fedak, M. Biuw and D. Thompson. (2007). How Fast Does a Seal Swim? Variations in Swimming Behaviour under Differing Foraging Conditions. Journal of Experimental Biology 210 (18): 3285–94. doi:10.1242/jeb.007542.

Hooker, S.K., M. Biuw, B. J. McConnell, P.J. Miller and C.E. Sparling. (2007). Bio-Logging Science: Logging and Relaying Physical and Biological Data Using Animal-Attached Tags. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography 54 (3–4): 177–82. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2007.01.001.

Fedak, M., P. Lovell, J. Nicholson, M Biuw, L. Bohme and K.M. Kovacs. (2006). Enlisting Marine Mammals as Oceanographic Explorers: Unique CTD Profilers for IPY. Geophysical Research Abstracts 8: 8935. https://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU06/08935/EGU06-J-08935.pdf.

Biuw, M, B. McConnell, C.J.A. Bradshaw, H. Burton and M. Fedak. (2003). Blubber and Buoyancy: Monitoring the Body Condition of Free-Ranging Seals Using Simple Dive Characteristics. Journal of Experimental Biology 206 (19): 3405–23. doi:10.1242/jeb.00583.

 

REPORTS

ICES. (2019). Report of the Joint ICES/NAFO/NAMMCO Working Group on Harp and Hooded Seals (WGHARP), 2-6 Sept. 2019, Tromsø, Norway, 1(72), 193 pp. http://doi.org/10.17895/ices.pub.5617

Dahl-Hansen, I.E., Falk, A.H., Dahl-Hansen, G., Falk-Petersen, S. & Biuw, M. (2014) Utbygging og drift av Johan Castberg - Virkninger for marint naturmiljø. Development and operation of Johan Castberg – Consequences on the natural environment. Akvaplan-niva Report 6397-02. 99 pp.

Biuw, M., Weissenberger, J., Carroll, J.L., Aniceto, A.S. & Bluhm, K. (2014) Scoping Workshop on Marine Mammal Detection methodologies in use or under consideration by the petroleum industry. Proceedings from a workshop held at Statoil's Fornebu offices, March 25-26, 2014.

Rintoul S.R., Sparrow M., M.P. Meredith Wright L.S. (2012) The Southern Ocean Observing System: Initial science and implementation strategy. Contribution to Section on Animal-borne Sensors p. 38-40. SCAR/SCOR Report.

Biuw, M., Hooker, S.K., McConnell, B.J., Miller, P.J.O. & Sparling, C.E. (2007) Bio-logging Science: Logging and Relaying Physical and Biological Data Using Animal-Attached Tags - Proceedings of the 2005 International Symposium on Bio-logging Science, St Andrews, 13-16 June, 2005. Deep-Sea Research II, 54 (3-4), 177-436 (February 2007)

 

INVITED PRESENTATIONS

 

Biuw M. Strategies, networking and career moves in polar science. Association of Polar Early Career

Scientists (APECS) Social Meeting, Tromsø, Norway, 05 May, 2010.

Biuw M., Observational approaches to vertical movements of predators and prey in relation to physi- cal/chemical structures, Workshop on Ocean Biology Observatories, Mestre, Italy, 16-18 Sep, 2009.

Biuw M. and Ausubel J. Census of Marine Life: the known, the unknown, the unknowable. Can we use marine animals as oceanographic platforms? Invited guest at the 12th session of the GCOSGOOS- WCRP Ocean Observations Panel for Climate, IOC/UNESCO, Paris, France, 2-5 May, 2007.

Biuw M. Coping with energetic constraints in a dynamic and unpredictable environment: Ontogeny and individual variations in foraging strategies. Opening plenary, 19th Biennial Conference of the

European Cetacean Society, La Rochelle, 2-7 Apr, 2005.

Biuw M. Nordnorske fjorder: Ny(-gammel) hotspot for sild og hval. Forskernatt Framsenteret, Sep 25th,

2015.

Biuw M. et al. weShare: Ecological and commercial implications of extreme winter arrivals of herring and whales into North-Norwegian fjord systems. Presentation to Sjøpattedyrutvalget (Norwegian Governmental Marine Mammal Advisory Board), Tromsø, Oct 13, 2016.

 

PUBLIC EXHIBITIONS

 

Royal Society Science Exhibition (2006) What Ahab Never Saw

Forskningsdagane Tromsø (2008). MEOP

Forskningsdagane Tromsø (2014). Arktiske sjøpattedyr

Forskningsdagane Tromsø (2015). COEXIST

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